het Licht op Natuur / Licht op Landschap project

Wat zijn de effecten van nachtelijk kunstlicht op ons ecosysteem?
Lantaarnpaal met rood licht
© Kamiel Spoelstra / NIOO-KNAW

Het wordt steeds lichter 's nachts. Bijna iedereen in Europa en de VS woont op een plek die als 'lichtvervuild' kan worden aangemerkt: daar is is ons eigen licht altijd sterker dan het licht van de de maan en de sterren. Elk jaar neemt dat gebied met twee procent toe, terwijl de al lichte plaatsen nog lichter worden. 

Nachtelijk kunstlicht heeft een groot effect op onze natuur. Samen met een boel andere organisaties onderzoekt het Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie deze effecten in het Licht op Natuur en Licht op Landschap project. Een belangrijk onderdeel van deze studies is het meten van effecten van experimentele verlichting op plaatsen die voorheen donker waren. Omdat we tegenwoordig de kleursamenstelling van licht makkelijk kunnen veranderen, en dat mogelijk schadelijke effecten van licht kan beperken, onderzoeken we niet alleen de gevolgen van wit licht, maar ook van rood en groen licht op planten en dieren. We kijken daarbij naar zoveel mogelijk soortgroepen: planten, nachtvlinders, vleermuizen, muizen, marterachtigen en andere zoogdieren, vogels en amfibieën.

  • Exprimentele groene verlichting
    Experimentele groene verlichting met meer blauw en minder rood
  • Experimentele witte verlichting
    Experimentele witte verlichting

In de media

Kunstlicht kleurt de wereld blauw, maar dat is slecht nieuws voor mens en natuur

Met NIOO-onderzoeker Kamiel Spoelstra

Artikel van 14/09/2022 NRC

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Foto van Kamiel Spoelstra (Roger Cremer, NRC)

Media snippet

Nachtelijk Europa wordt steeds blauwer, en daar heeft de natuur last van

Met NIOO-onderzoeker Kamiel Spoelstra

Artikel van 15/09/2022 De Volkskrant

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Kunstlicht en kleur

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Radio 1 Journaal

Interview met NIOO-onderzoeker Kamiel Spoelstra (vanaf op 2:53:53)

Uitzending van 15/09/2022 NPO Radio 1

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Radio 1 Journaal
Publicaties

Publicaties

Presentaties

Presentatie 21 januari 2019, Gemeente Amsterdam, effecten van licht en lichtkleur op vleermuizen

Wetenschappelijke publicaties

Spoelstra, K., Ramakers, J. J. C., Dis, N. E. van, Visser, M. E. No effect of artificial light of different colors on commuting Daubenton’s bats (Myotis daubentonii) in a choice experiment. Journal of Experimental Zoology A (2018) doi.org/10.1002/jez.2178 download

Welbers, A. A. M. H. et al. Artificial Light at Night Reduces Daily Energy Expenditure in Breeding Great Tits (Parus major). Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 5, (2017). download

Spoelstra, K. et al. Response of bats to light with different spectra: light-shy and agile bat presence is affected by white and green, but not red light. Proc. R. Soc. B 284, 20170075 (2017). download / download SI

Ouyang, J. Q. et al. What type of rigorous experiments are needed to investigate the impact of artificial light at night on individuals and populations? Glob Change Biol n/a-n/a (2017). doi:10.1111/gcb.13894 not available yet

Ouyang, J. Q. et al. Restless roosts: Light pollution affects behavior, sleep, and physiology in a free-living songbird. Glob Change Biol n/a-n/a (2017). doi:10.1111/gcb.13756 vraag aan

Jong, M. de, Caro, S. P., Gienapp, P., Spoelstra, K. & Visser, M. E. Early Birds by Light at Night: Effects of Light Color and Intensity on Daily Activity Patterns in Blue Tits. Journal of Biological Rhythms 0, 0748730417719168 (2017). vraag aan

Langevelde, F. van, Grunsven, R. H. A. van, Veenendaal, E. M. & Fijen, T. P. M. Artificial night lighting inhibits feeding in moths. Biology Letters 13, 20160874 (2017). download

Da Silva, A. et al. Experimental illumination of a forest: no effects of lights of different colours on the onset of the dawn chorus in songbirds. Royal Society Open Science 4, 160638 (2017). download

Van Grunsven, R. H. A. van, Creemers, R., Joosten, K., Donners, M. & Veenendaal, E. M. Behaviour of migrating toads under artificial lights differs from other phases of their life cycle. Amphibia-Reptilia (2016). doi:10.1163/15685381-00003081 not available yet

van Grunsven R, Joosten K, Creemers R (2016) Effect straatverlichting op paddentrek. Tijdschrift RAVON 58(17) 56-58 download PDF

Jong, M. de. Illuminating a bird’s world: effects of artificial light at night on avian ecology. (2016). download

de Jong, M., Ouyang, J. Q., van Grunsven, R. H. A., Visser, M. E. & Spoelstra, K. Do Wild Great Tits Avoid Exposure to Light at Night? PLOS ONE 11, e0157357 (2016). download

de Jong, M. et al. Dose-dependent responses of avian daily rhythms to artificial light at night. Physiology & Behavior 155, 172–179 (2016). download / download SI

van Geffen, K. G. et al. Artificial light at night inhibits mating in a Geometrid moth. Insect Conservation and Diversity 8, 282–287 (2015). download

Van Geffen, K. G. et al. Artificial night lighting disrupts sex pheromone in a noctuid moth: Moth sex pheromone in illuminated nights. Ecological Entomology 40, 401–408 (2015). not avaliable yet

Swaddle, J. P. et al. A framework to assess evolutionary responses to anthropogenic light and sound. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 30, 550–560 (2015). download

Spoelstra, K. et al. Experimental illumination of natural habitat—an experimental set-up to assess the direct and indirect ecological consequences of artificial light of different spectral composition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 370, 20140129 (2015). download / download SI

Ouyang, J. Q. et al. Stressful colours: corticosterone concentrations in a free-living songbird vary with the spectral composition of experimental illumination. Biology Letters 11, 20150517 (2015). download

Geffen, K. G. van. Moths in illuminated nights : articificial night effects on moth ecology. (Wageningen University, 2015). download

de Jong, M. et al. Effects of nocturnal illumination on life-history decisions and fitness in two wild songbird species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 370, 20140128 (2015). download / download SI

van Grunsven, R. H. A., Lham, D., van Geffen, K. G. & Veenendaal, E. M. Range of attraction of a 6-W moth light trap. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 152, 87–90 (2014). not available yet

van Grunsven, R. H. A. et al. Spectral composition of light sources and insect phototaxis, with an evaluation of existing spectral response models. Journal of Insect Conservation 18, 225–231 (2014). download

van Geffen, K. G., van Grunsven, R. H. A., van Ruijven, J., Berendse, F. & Veenendaal, E. M. Artificial light at night causes diapause inhibition and sex-specific life history changes in a moth. Ecology and Evolution n/a-n/a (2014). doi:10.1002/ece3.1090 download

Spoelstra, K. & Visser, M. E. The impact of artificial light on avian ecology. in Avian Urban Ecology: Behavioural and Physiological Adaptations 21 (2013). view

Titulaer, M., Spoelstra, K., Lange, C. Y. M. J. G. & Visser, M. E. Activity Patterns during Food Provisioning Are Affected by Artificial Light in Free Living Great Tits (Parus major). PLoS ONE 7, e37377 (2012). download

Deelnemers

Deelnemers

Technology Foundation STW realises the transfer of knowledge between the technical sciences and users. It does this by funding excellent technical scientific research and by bringing researchers and users together in each project.
http://www.stw.nl/

The scientists at the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) perform basic and strategic ecological research on individual organisms, populations, ecological communities and ecosystems.
http://www.nioo.knaw.nl/

‘To explore the potential of nature to improve the quality of life.’ That is the mission of Wageningen UR (University & Research centre). The strength of Wageningen UR lies in its ability to join the forces of specialised research institutes and Wageningen University.
http://www.wageningenur.nl/

Royal Philips of the Netherlands is a diversified Health and Well-being company, focused on improving people’s lives through timely innovations. As a world leader in healthcare, lifestyle and lighting, Philips integrates technologies and design into people-centric solutions, based on fundamental customer insights.
http://www.philips.nl/

NAM is an exploration and production company with authentic Dutch roots and has its headquarters in Assen in the Netherlands. Our core business is exploring for and producing oil and gas, both on land and offshore in the Netherlands.
http://www.nam.nl/

Well-targeted lighting of public and private spaces improves safety. Ziut can help you manage a public space or site in such a way that visitors and users feel comfortable and safe.
http://www.ziut.nl/

Sovon, Dutch Centre for Field Ornithology, is organising monitoring of wild bird populations in the Netherlands and carries out research to study population demography in bird populations. Results of censuses and research projects are used for nature management policies, management plans en spatial planning. 
http://www.sovon.nl/

Dutch Butterfly Conservation works on conserving, restoring and developing nature with the focus on butterflies, moths and dragonflies. Dutch Butterfly Conservation carries out research and gives advice to those responsible for deciding the use, development and management of land in all sorts of areas. http://www.vlinderstichting.nl/

The Dutch centre for avian migration and demography is a the central organization of all bird ringing activity in the Netherlands. It is a cooperation between NIOO-KNAW and the Dutch society for bird ringers. 
http://www.vogeltrekstation.nl/

RAVON stands for Reptile, Amphibian and Fish Conservation Netherlands. The contributors and volunteers support the conservation and research of reptiles, amphibians and fish. They collect distribution data and monitoring information, and carry out ecological field research.
http://www.ravon.nl/

All research on wild plants and the protection of plants comes together at FLORON. FLORON coordinates national plant surveys, gives advice and gathers information for scientific studies, nature management and the protection of plant habitat.
http://www.floron.nl/

The Dutch mammal society protects native mammal species, and aims to expand the knowledge on the distribution of mammals in the Netherlands.http://www.zoogdiervereniging.nl/

The municipality of Ede has over 110.000 inhabitants. It is a rapidly developing residential and business area, rich in greenery, with continually expanding economic activity. Provisions in the field of education, culture and health are keeping apace with this. 
https://www.ede.nl/

The Drentse Landschap foundation is a provincial (province of Drente) oranisation, and established for the protection of natural habiat in Drenthe.
http://www.drentslandschap.nl

Natuurmonumenten - 'Nature Monuments' - is an association with a long tradition in the protection of natural habitat in the Netherlands. Natuurmonumenten has over 700,000 members and has a very central position in the Dutch society.
http://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/

Staatsbosbeheer, our national forestry organization, posesses and manages forested areas and natural habitat in the Netherlands. Staatsbosbeheer aims for a natural environment where visitors can experience nature at it's best.
http://www.staatsbosbeheer.nl/

The Netherlands Ministry of Defence comprises the Central Staff, the Royal Netherlands Navy, the Royal Netherlands Army, the Royal Netherlands Air Force, the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, the Support Command and the Defence Materiel Organisation. 
http://www.defensie.nl/

Contact

Contact

Kamiel Spoelstra
+31610816809
K.Spoelstra@nioo.knaw.nl

Bezoekadres
Droevendaalsesteeg 10
6708 PB Wageningen
+31 (0) 317 47 34 00